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Full text of "Mathematical And Physical Papers - Iii"

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even seen some of the fixed lines of the group p. The tint of the dispersed light appeared as nearly as possible uniform throughout. The distance to which this light could be traced from the surface did not at all diminish so rapidly in this crystal, with an increase in the refrangibility of the incident light, as it had done in the case of a solution of sulphate of quinine. Indeed, it was difficult to say how far the decrease in the depth to which the incident rays could be traced, by means of the dispersed light which they produced, was due merely to the increasing faintness of the light, and how far it indicated a real increase in the absorbing energy of the crystal; whereas in the case of sulphate of quinine the appearance presented unequivocally indicated a very rapid increase of absorbing power.
35.    On examining the crystal by the second  method, the general appearance was the same as in the case of sulphate of quinine, but the beam of falsely dispersed light was absent.    In addition to the copious beam of deep blue light dispersed by the most refrangible rays, there was however a faint beam of red or reddish light dispersed by rays of low refrangibility.    This beam was too faint to be seen by the third method of examination.    It will be remembered that the prismatic analysis of the transmitted light gave a band of absorption in the red.    Another crystal of a pale colour, which did not give a similar band of absorption in the red, exhibited nothing but the blue beam of dispersed light when examined by the second method.
36.    On examining the crystal  by the  fourth  method, the extreme red proved inactive.    The activity commenced about the most refrangible limit of the red transmitted by a deep blue glass, when the dispersed light was red, but extremely faint.   On moving the lens onwards through the spectrum, the dispersed light rapidly became brighter, and then  died away.    When at its brightest, although even then it was almost too faint for prismatic examination, it appeared to consist of not quite homogeneous light a little lower in refrangibility than the active light.    For a considerable distance further on there was no sensible dispersion produced. The dispersed light became again perceptible when the active light belonged to the greenish yellow, or not till the blue, according to the intensity of the incident light.    As the lens moved on